Traverse City Record-Eagle

Archive: Tuesday

January 7, 2014

Letters to the Editor: 01/07/2014

Lack of protections

I always take note of and am usually given thought by Loraine Anderson’s columns, including the one published Dec. 1 regarding civil rights. However, I found one group missing: the female gender.

A primary meaning of “civil” refers to “citizens or … state as a political body.” Yet, the U.S. Supreme Court has very rarely applied the 14th Amendment to U.S. females (while applying it for males, minority races and aliens).

Thus, U.S. female citizens’ only constitutional protection lies with the 19th Amendment (women’s suffrage) plus state and/or federal legislation. The latter can be changed by subsequent legislators, not to mention a hodgepodge of laws from one state to another likely.

Martha Griffiths did what she could by lobbying for and getting women — as a class —included in the U.S. Civil Rights Act of 1964. She once said her co-legislators indulged her though many didn’t see the need to include gender. That “indulgence” showed another meaning of the word civil: courteous.

The reason the 14th Amendment does not work for us is that, unlike Section 1 where the word “persons” is used, Section 2 of the amendment uses “male inhabitants.”

Lois F. Golightly

Traverse City

Text Only

Twitter Updates
Follow us on twitter
Associated Press Video
GMA: Dog passes out from excitment to see owner "The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1" Trailer is Here! Chapter Two: Designing for Naomi Watts Baseball Hall of Famers Inducted Florida Keys Webcam Captures Turtles Hatching Morgan Freeman Sucks Down Helium on 'Tonight Show' Robin Wright Can Dance! (WATCH) She's Back! See Paris Hilton's New Carl's Jr. Ad Big Weekend For Atlanta Braves In Cooperstown - @TheBuzzeronFox Chapter Two: Becoming a first-time director What's Got Jack Black Freaking Out at Comic-Con? Doctors Remove 232 Teeth From Teen's Mouth Bradley Cooper Explains His Voice in 'Guardians of the Galaxy' Deja vu: Another NYPD officer choke-holding a suspect 'Fifty Shades of Grey': Watch the Super Sexy First Trailer Now! Reports: Ravens RB Ray Rice Suspended For 1st 2 Games Of The Season Air Algerie plane with 119 on board missing over Mali Diamond Stone, Malik Newman, Josh Jackson and others showcase talent Free Arturo - The World's Saddest Polar Bear A Look Back at Batman On Film Through The Years