TRAVERSE CITY — Some local court officials are opposed to a push by lawmakers to overhaul trial-level indigent defense services and implement statewide standards.
A bill passed by the Senate and awaiting Gov. Rick Snyder’s signature forms a Michigan Indigent Defense Commission to create and enforce standards of legal representation for defendants who can’t afford an attorney. The state would fund any mandated changes above a jurisdiction’s baseline spending level calculated on its average spending the past three years, according to the legislation. The commission would establish procedures for collecting attorneys.
Michigan is one of seven states that don’t provide funding for trial-level public defense, according to the Michigan Campaign for Justice. A long-standing lawsuit against the state filed by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of all indigent defendants in Berrien, Muskegon and Genesee counties claims poor service violated the U.S. Constitution.
Thirteenth Circuit Court Judge Thomas Power doubts the defense program in Grand Traverse, Leelanau and Antrim counties could maintain its current quality if stripped of local control.
”Under this proposal, judges are excluded from the process of selecting attorneys, and the problem is that judges are the only neutral people who see these lawyers in action,” Power said. “I think the quality will go down.”
Power and fellow 13th Circuit Court Judge Philip Rodgers currently monitor the court’s program, which compensates attorneys on an events basis, such as for the interview and investigation, conferences, plea and sentencing. Pay is roughly $800 for an attorney who represents a defendant who pleads guilty and is sentenced, Rodgers said. Appointed attorneys are paid by the half-day for trials, and capital case trials are paid at an hourly rate.
Rodgers said he’s not had problems recruiting competent attorneys to take cases, and judges remove attorneys when they don’t meet their expectations.